This study analyses Mexico´s agrarian structure and the different forms of property rights applied to the country´s 196.7 million hectares of land. The need to consider all of the different forms through which land is transferred is due to the existence of numerous legal instruments that regulate property size and the rights of foreigners to own rural land in Mexico. The study also addresses the issue of contract farming. While not directly concerned with the land market, contract farming is a mechanism that allows national and international capital to gain control over large tracts of land by establishing agreements with producers that capture their production or by establishing themselves as a single marketing channel. Mining concessions are also addressed, given their sharp increase and also their tremendous social and environmental impact. Over the last decade, the mining concessions on rural lands have increased significantly and have generated conflicts with landowners. The study also addresses the issue of budget allocations for the rural sector, which have primarily benefited agribusiness and well-capitalised producers. In other words, subsidies have favoured the concentration of land in both direct and indirect ways. Finally, the study looks at the perceptions of rural actors.
Autores: Robles Berlanga, Héctor Manuel