ACERVO

Publicaciones: 1999

Enchantment And Disenchantment: The Role Of Community In Natural Resource Conservation

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Sinopsis:

The poor conservation outcomes that followed decades of intrusive resource management strategies and planned development have forced policy makers and scholars to reconsider the role of community in resource use and conservation. In a break from previous work on development which considered communities to hinder progressive social change, current writing champions the role of community in bringing about decentralization, meaningful participation, cultural autonomy, and conservation (Chambers and McBeth, 1992; Chitere, 1994; Etzioni, 1996). But despite its recent popularity, the concept of community rarely receives the attention or analysis it needs from those concerned with resource use and management.
We seek to redress this omission by investigating -community- in work concerning resource conservation and management. We begin by exploring the conceptual origins of the community, especially as it relates to writings on resource use. The ensuing analysis reveals that three aspects of community are most important to those who advocate a positive role for communities in resource management -community as a small spatial unit, as a homogenous social structure, and as shared norms. We suggest a more political approach. Community, we argue, must be examined in the context of conservation by focusing on the multiple interests and actors within communities, on how these actors influence decisionmaking, and on the internal and external institutions that shape the decision-making process. A focus on institutions rather than -community- is likely to be more fruitful for those interested in community-based natural resource management. We conclude by suggesting that research and policy move away from universalist claims either for or against community. Instead, community-based conservation initiatives must be founded on images of community that recognize their internal di€erences and processes, their relations with external actors, and the institutions that a€ect both.

Autores: Arun Agrawal y Clark C. Gibson

Anuario Estadístico de la Producción Forestal 1999

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Sinopsis:

En cumplimiento a las facultades y atribuciones que le confiere la Ley Orgánica de la Administración Pública Federal, su Reglamento Interior y las acciones del Programa Forestal y de Suelo 1995-2000; y con el propósito de brindar información básica de las actividades productivas del Sector Forestal; la Secretaría de Medio Ambiente y Recursos Naturales, a través de la Dirección General Forestal, dependiente de la Subsecretaría de Recursos Naturales, presenta el Anuario Estadístico de la Producción Forestal 1999.
Es importante señalar que la recopilación e integración de esta información es fruto del apoyo y la estrecha coordinación de las Delegaciones Federales de la Secretaría y/o Subdelegaciones de Recursos Naturales en los Estados, a través de los productores forestales. Por lo que se agradece su colaboración.
El presente Anuario integra de manera sistematizada información sobre la producción forestal maderable y no maderable, así como los precios de los distintos productos y valor de la producción. Asimismo, de manera complementaria y como referencia, el Anuario también incluye estadísticas de las áreas sustantivas de la Subsecretaría de Recursos Naturales en el ámbito forestal, como son Aprovechamientos, Sanidad, Protección, Fomento Forestal y Plantaciones Forestales.

Community Forest Enterprise and Certification in Mexico

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Sinopsis:

Mexico has more forest under active community control than any other country in the world. More than 8,000 communities, the majority of which are indigenous, hold up 80% of the country’s forest land. For many of these communities, forestry complements farming, ranching and other economic activities; for some, mainly in northern Mexico, it constitutes their principal source of income and employment….

 

Autor: Markopoulos, Matthew D.